Why do medieval buildings overhang their lower floors?


  1. Lynn Jacob

    Lynn JacobMinute ago

    I'm sure machicolations made peeing a lot easier for the guards up on the rampart, too... ;-)

  2. Danielle McCarthy

    Danielle McCarthy4 hours ago

    What is the name of the melody playing in the background? I've been trying to find this for months

  3. William B

    William B13 hours ago

    This type of building style could also help with rain. Keeping it off of the lower parts of the building.

  4. Sinured

    Sinured22 hours ago

    well it could also be that it was to make it saver in those houses simple by making it harder to climb it from outside - thives nowadays look for the easiest point before trying to break into a house, why would it be different in a time back when there were almost certain more thives (it could also be they copied the design from castle to a degree for that reason...not saying your reasons are not valid either)

  5. Chris Halprin

    Chris Halprin2 days ago

    And here I thought it was so you didn't dump your nightsoil on your downstairs neighbor's head...

  6. QuetzalcoatlOdin

    QuetzalcoatlOdin2 days ago

    It's a protect the foundation from water damage. If the water runs off the roof and down the wall straight to the ground with a foundation is it will destroy it. I having a roof overhang at least all the water or hit the roof it was about a foot or two away from the foundation.

  7. Matthew Hamilton

    Matthew Hamilton2 days ago

    its what I was thinking as well, no guttering so the water runs straight of the roof, large overhang removes the danger

  8. Sygrove Steve

    Sygrove Steve3 days ago

    Hmmmmmmm........it was taxation on footprint, and all squashed together because limited space within city walls, silly!

  9. youBoob

    youBoob3 days ago

    i thought it was because people threw trash and feces onto the street back then since they didnt have garbage trucks in medieval ages people would poop and pee into a chamber pot overnight because they didnt have comfort rooms then dump it all onto the street below. they called this "nightsoil" since they were not too worried about hygiene back then, every body threw thier chamberpot full of poop and piss onto the street where common folk walked. people learned to be careful walking along houses and nobles made fun of common folk who couldnt afford carriages with protective roofs and sometimes get splattered with feces and piss. the origin of the word "peon" , a peasant who got peed on

  10. Ezekiel Ellis

    Ezekiel Ellis3 days ago

    Could another reason be the fear factor? Does it have machinations...? Does it not?? Are we safe charging the wall...? Whose to say unless we get close...

  11. MrGaladyn

    MrGaladyn3 days ago

    I mean, it could help prevent climbing, right?

  12. Dovah Spy

    Dovah Spy3 days ago

    Exploiting HOA guidelines since 1302

  13. steve gale

    steve gale3 days ago

    On houses it was due to land foot print area tax. Jutting increased area size without increasing tax.

  14. Wade Jenkins

    Wade Jenkins4 days ago

    They have a structural function of providing lateral reinforcement to the wall.

  15. Daniel Nokes

    Daniel Nokes4 days ago

    Also done so that when people threw their excrement out of their windows, it wouldn't hit the part of the street that was closest to the wall.

  16. steve gale

    steve gale2 hours ago

    @Daniel Nokes, the vid is poorly researched. House jutting was done for land tax reasons.

  17. Daniel Nokes

    Daniel Nokes3 hours ago

    @steve gale Interesting to know, though I am aware that it was done (just because it involved a fine doesn't mean that people didn't do it), also there are reports of it taking place in the Victorian times, specifically in the slums, and there would have had to have been people doing it in order for a fine to have to be brought in, in the first place.

  18. steve gale

    steve gale3 days ago

    A myth. It was a huge fine if caught.

  19. Jeff Kocol

    Jeff Kocol4 days ago

    Since there was not much indoor plumbing, the overhang helped make sure you didn't get any inside or running down the wall when you dumped your chamber pot out the window.

  20. Tomas Dawe

    Tomas Dawe5 days ago

    One thought watching the long shots on this video, is corbeling on a castle, from a distance (outside of bowshot) will look like machicolations - therefore will make assault planners believe the ground infront is covered when it is not.


    WINSTONIAN6 days ago

    Jetty’s and corbels developed for practical reasons, then persisted for esthetics and tradition.

  22. rumpelstilzz

    rumpelstilzz7 days ago

    The stone walls in your house schematic need to be at least thrice as thick, since medieval europe's mortar was crap compared to nowadays (even compared to the roman era mortar). Plus, the thinner the walls, the more exact the stonemason has to work, and his time needed grows exponentially to the wanted effect. Walls that thin can only be achieved by using bricks (which you only have in certain areas where pottery soil is abundant) or to a price that only the wealthiest can pay - and even then these walls are less sturdy that wooden ones.

  23. Stuart Richter

    Stuart Richter7 days ago

    I always thought it was the ground tax they had in England at the time

  24. Jim Bendtsen

    Jim Bendtsen7 days ago

    A lot of repetitive blabbering. You could've conveyed the meaning in 50% of the verbiage.

  25. Satanen Perkele

    Satanen Perkele7 days ago

    Why am I watching this at 03 AM

  26. Jill Logan

    Jill Logan7 days ago

    what about water run off, wouldn't that type help divert some of it

  27. Martin Lewis

    Martin Lewis7 days ago

    Missed out one use, they had a round hole above to sit on and crap outside onto floor below

  28. joeuncoolio

    joeuncoolio8 days ago

    The reason was far simpler. When you dump your chamber pot out the window it was less likely to splash onto the lower levels.

  29. GentleRage Rage

    GentleRage Rage9 days ago

    Now I want to play minecraft and build machicolatioooooooons!

  30. Emma Renee

    Emma Renee10 days ago

    I was really hoping he would say it was for using the bathroom.

  31. Angus

    Angus10 days ago

    Too long to explain too little. I dont mind long videos but it needs to be worth the watch. 2 min in and all I learned was that its called jettying, if I even spelled that right.

  32. Markhos Finnic

    Markhos Finnic8 days ago

    Patience is a virtue.

  33. Aleksa Petrovic

    Aleksa Petrovic11 days ago

    This makes sense in Holy Roman Empire, France, Balkan as there are pleanty of forests, but what about Iberia, or Middle East where wood wasn't that common?

  34. Markhos Finnic

    Markhos Finnic8 days ago

    These houses are not made primarily of wood. Only the holding pieces.

  35. Ina Pickle

    Ina Pickle11 days ago

    We call that cantilever here. I have a feeling it is based on the old medieval style. Was used to reduce taxes and create more dry space.

  36. Ryan Spackman

    Ryan Spackman11 days ago

    the "proper" Machicolations look like the defenders would have a hard time getting close enough to the crenelations to shoot down from them, and would just fall through, and that it would be easy for attackers to shoot up under their armor into the groin from below without any defenses to hide behind. Is it just because the wooden floor is now gone in all of these examples? Were they created with trap doors to close them off when not actively in use? Also, could the non-functional ones help with watershed like roof overhangs?

  37. Simon Oliver

    Simon Oliver12 days ago

    The 'Shambles' in the city of York, UK is a great example of these buildings. Cobbled streets and lots of medieval buildings overhanging onto the streets. Very cool and beautiful architectural style imo. Great vid Shad!

  38. Aiodeus

    Aiodeus13 days ago

    How would a medieval person stand on a floor with machiculations to shoot a distant enemy?

  39. PigsInBlanket

    PigsInBlanket14 days ago

    Excellent....been having these medieval architecture questions myself. Thanks 4 answer

  40. ghosturiel

    ghosturiel15 days ago

    This video is the reason my bases in 7 days to die work so damn well.

  41. Lynx South

    Lynx South17 days ago

    I can't remember whether it was an Edward or a Henry, but in England a king levied a building tax according to the outside measurement of the building's walls, plus a tax for every additional storey (this tax may have been added later). This measurement was taken at ground level. Larger overhanging storeys didn't cost more tax. I wish you had included the name & country of each castle you show.

  42. SilverArmoredWolf

    SilverArmoredWolf20 days ago

    weird audio

  43. SilverArmoredWolf

    SilverArmoredWolf20 days ago

    thats the higher floor, not lower. FAIL

  44. Liam The Great

    Liam The Great13 days ago


  45. Dan Keating

    Dan Keating21 day ago

    To cut costs, thats why.

  46. CassieLino

    CassieLino25 days ago

    My guess was it had to do with rain....boy was I wrong

  47. Peter Smythe

    Peter Smythe26 days ago

    Obviously they're for stopping spiders from getting up the castle wall. Haven't you ever played Minecraft?

  48. Todd Gilbey

    Todd Gilbey27 days ago

    That second image is the Guild Hall in Thaxted, England. I used to live 5 minutes from there. Amazing architecture.

  49. Eric Anderson

    Eric Anderson27 days ago

    So how do you feel about my house? 2x4 frame, vinyl siding, vinyl windows, sheet rock interior walls..... Good old by God AMERICAN affordable tract housing. Built in a week by a truck full of Mexicans someone found at the Home Depot.

  50. Rumble Hat

    Rumble Hat6 days ago

    Eric Anderson You mean you don't have machicolations?!!

  51. sean christian

    sean christian29 days ago

    Machicolations to you, good sir!

  52. Suburban Self Reliance

    Suburban Self RelianceMonth ago

    Q: Why does the second floor overhang the first floor? A: Because the floor of the second floor is bigger than the ceiling of the first floor.

  53. Alice

    AliceMonth ago

    wow how intreresting!

  54. Calen Timms

    Calen TimmsMonth ago

    7:00 is called a Cantilever ("Counter Lever")

  55. microcolonel

    microcolonelMonth ago

    A statistical analysis was done in Canada on the factors which determine the likelihood that a house will encounter major issues requiring repair in the first five years of building. The most important factor turns out to be overhang: buildings with more overhang have considerably fewer issues. Likely hugely related to water and water damage.

  56. ryan franklin

    ryan franklinMonth ago

    Is it not so you can shit from every floor?!?

  57. ghosturiel

    ghosturiel15 days ago

    Yeah, there was a part from a series called Dirty Cities episode England which had a small story about some "Plumbers" that built indoor privies in peoples homes with this feature. People were understandably not happy.

  58. Dyvinell

    DyvinellMonth ago

    Shad, seriously, why the heck did i not get lucky enough to have you be my history teacher in school. I sucked at history and it was one of my worst subjects. But tbh i already learn more from your vids than i ever did in history class all my years of school. And you make it more entertaining to listen to as well

  59. Bruno Corrêa

    Bruno CorrêaMonth ago

    why on earth did u have to scream like that in the end? Damn, im watching this late at night, people are sleeping, were sleeping, lol