How one scientist averted a national health crisis - Andrea Tone


  1. TED-Ed

    TED-Ed18 days ago

    If you're a student with a passion for science, share your ideas, discoveries and hopes with the world through TED's student idea platform: If your passions lie elsewhere, we want to hear from you, too! TED-Ed is creating a space to celebrate and amplify student ideas on a wide range of topics - from human rights to staying organized in school - and we want you to be a part of it! Check it out!

  2. Simrah Siddiqui

    Simrah Siddiqui3 days ago

    TED-Ed Hello

  3. TheSassi42

    TheSassi4214 days ago

    lalla jha I don't understand. this video political. I thought it was about a scientist/doctor.

  4. lalla jha

    lalla jha14 days ago

    Tedx stop using it for political benefits. It's a learning organization not a political one.

  5. TheSassi42

    TheSassi4214 days ago

    TED-Ed The title is not chosen very well... The health crisis already happend. She averted it from spreading to the US and more countries. But saying she averted it could come over belittling to the health crisis that already happened, if the word is interpreted wrongly. I would recommend «averted it from the US» or similar.

  6. miguel Saavedra

    miguel Saavedra14 days ago

    phoenixkhost kd,wlöwylsodosls w Pkw 101a A a

  7. Hensley JeanBaptiste

    Hensley JeanBaptiste19 hours ago

    She lived to 101 wow she really was a doctor of medicine

  8. ruzzell907

    ruzzell907Day ago

    Countless children have been saved without us knowing.

  9. Woofie Play

    Woofie PlayDay ago

    Not every superhero wears a cap

  10. Mariana Torres

    Mariana TorresDay ago

    Basically, a brain with legs 💖

  11. anthony white

    anthony white2 days ago


  12. Prometheus Kapoor

    Prometheus Kapoor3 days ago

    i want to cure AIDS

  13. phoeniximperator

    phoeniximperator3 days ago

    I'm surprised that they didn't brand her as a communist and anti capitalist

  14. Josélina Aygretto

    Josélina Aygretto3 days ago

    why is STEM so important?

  15. bubmah axr

    bubmah axr3 days ago

    how did someone could enter an undergrad and master degree at the same time? wow.

  16. Tenhys

    Tenhys3 days ago

    _Frances Oldham Kelsey_ 1914-2015 O_o She lived 101 years ?! Holy guacamole ! Color me impressed.

  17. Noodle Kaboodle

    Noodle Kaboodle4 days ago

    The most horrifying thing about thalidomide is that it's STILL used in Brazil despite the well documented damage to feotuses

  18. Hershel Katz

    Hershel Katz4 days ago

    she's so cool

  19. xxthecapitalistxx

    xxthecapitalistxx5 days ago

    Maybe women are naturally more atracted to some jobs, and men to others.

  20. Elizabeth Brennan

    Elizabeth Brennan5 days ago

    I was going to say the same thing. Well said.

  21. will k

    will k5 days ago

    If drugs are associated with harm, then why is weed illegal. And why do you have to make this video a gender issue, if a female wants to do a stem subject she can, THERE IS NO BARRIER in the way of her getting any sort of work in that field

  22. Mohdzahrin Bin Abdul Rahman

    Mohdzahrin Bin Abdul Rahman6 days ago

    Im not american so this is the first time i heard bout her.phew i was so worried that she would not get the recognition she deserved as i watch it at the early part..bravo!

  23. ElGringo

    ElGringo6 days ago

    “The only reason more women aren’t in stem fields is because of patriarchy” has better not be in any of those videos if TED wants me to keep taking them seriously. Fingers crossed

  24. Mark Smith

    Mark Smith7 days ago

    Scientifically train bureaucrat. The FDA is a bureaucracy- sometimes behaving more bureaucratically and sometimes being out of control organisation.

  25. driftster99

    driftster997 days ago

    0:57 that fade though 👌

  26. winnkey

    winnkey7 days ago

    This was a great possitive story one which needs to be told in this day and age where we are having a resurgence of drugs trying to be rushed through the process with dodgy science. I was about to share but your shoehorn political push which was already covered by your narrative tarnished this for me. I have nothing against your desire to diversify the field of stem. Diverse people, equal diverse thinking and that is always a possitive in science. Its just i clicked on this and wished to share this because of a strong story about the revolution of a field, but then you made me have to then also share a political statement as well.... i didnt want to make a strong political statement. I wanted to share a strong story

  27. Brendan Goosen

    Brendan Goosen7 days ago

    Why would you turn this into a gender thing? So annoying! Get over yourselves! it's 2018 FFS

  28. Devan S.

    Devan S.7 days ago

    Then people in 2018 take it too far and we get anti-vacciners. uneducated people lead to uneducated research, educated people lead to life saving research.

  29. Kate Hu

    Kate Hu8 days ago

    I was loving the video until that gender commentary... ANYONE who stands their ground as a gatekeeper against a nuerotoxin should be lauded. That's all that matters. We need more like Frances not because she is a she but because she is a person of good morale.

  30. SR Creative Media

    SR Creative Media8 days ago

    Maybe there is not equality of outcomes in STEM because men and women don't want the exact same thing. But I see nothing but equality of opportunities being presented now... even back in the 1950s... She worked hard and got what she worked for and made a difference.

  31. random guy

    random guy8 days ago

    Maybe women are underrepresented in STEM because less women want to take STEM then men - just like the inverse for, say, nursing.

  32. Tak Tsing

    Tak Tsing8 days ago

    I really feel the pressure she faced, especially when German had already approved the use.

  33. Christian Prepper

    Christian Prepper8 days ago

    *UNLESS YOU PAY the FDA ENOUGH MONEY or KNOW the RIGHT PEOPLE!* 3:57 Then they turn a blind eye or attack the competition of well funded pharmaceutical companies.

  34. Katen Cyan

    Katen Cyan8 days ago

    I love hearing stories about great scientists!

  35. TheNinjaMarmot

    TheNinjaMarmot9 days ago

    She would have been on PETA.'s hitlist despite saving many human lives at the expense of animals

  36. Ryan Wei

    Ryan Wei9 days ago

    am i the only one who noticed she graduated high school at 15

  37. Jonah Safern

    Jonah Safern9 days ago

    Oh, good GOD! They just *had* to make it about feminism and women's supposed inequalities, didn't they?

  38. Velcon X13

    Velcon X139 days ago

    This is amazing that u actually found thus

  39. Bella B

    Bella B9 days ago

    We was all born for a reason.

  40. Dank Paradox

    Dank Paradox10 days ago

    Women are not "unrepresented in STEM fields." They simply choose areas like nursing and business more frequently and men choose areas like physics and engineering more frequently. What's in these studies simply show the result of men and women's free choices. Good video other than the common misconception that the reason women don't join STEM is because they're persuaded not to

  41. Lisa Mae Gilbert

    Lisa Mae Gilbert10 days ago

    101 years! Wow! 👏👏👏

  42. Kyori Nicks

    Kyori Nicks10 days ago

    Wage gap doesn't exist us men must protect ourselves from feminism. 1 min later FBI OPEN UP!

  43. Captain Doom

    Captain Doom10 days ago

    And to think, if she didn't get the job, there would be a HUGE national health issue ALONGSIDE the news and mainstream media.

  44. Løvely Lady

    Løvely Lady10 days ago

    Sis was getting her education 👏👏👏

  45. Chidz Hustle

    Chidz Hustle10 days ago

    That’s funny, when I studied Thalidomide in school they never mentioned Kelsey, I understand it wasn’t relevant to the course but she was a massive reason it never spread in the US

  46. DPowered Smith

    DPowered Smith10 days ago

    She would be fired or ignored thinking that way now

  47. Jad Sayegh

    Jad Sayegh10 days ago

    McGill pride!

  48. MindTech

    MindTech10 days ago


  49. John Marshall

    John Marshall11 days ago

    Dr. Helen B. Taussig was one that stopped thalidomide in USA

  50. Elliander Eldridge

    Elliander Eldridge11 days ago

    Unfortunately, "evidence based policies " seem to be less and less the case, with the precautionary principle rarely being applied. In one 90s case, a genetically modified organism was developed to cheaply produce fuel from useless biomass, namely the part of crops not used after a harvest. The FDA required that tests be conducted in sterile conditions, which demonstrated safety and it was approved. Then, during the peer review process, a sample was tested at a German University under real world conditions where it was quickly discovered that it spreads into the soil, persists such that the Earth would havto be cooked several feet down to remove, and kills living plants to then convert to fuel. Had this been released we'd be looking at a worst case scenario, and all because the FDA doesn't accept tests under real conditions. Or course, after this was published the FDA withdrew their approval. It's been a very long time since I read about it and I can't remember much more about it, but it was very interesting. And no, I don't actually oppose genetic engineering being that I major in genetics, but I do think more needs to be done to ensure safety.

  51. Cry Whit

    Cry Whit11 days ago

    The FDA needs to pull her out of retirement, and rehire her. Somebody over there is slipping up...

  52. Devilmonkey

    Devilmonkey10 days ago

    She died 3 years ago at 101 years old. So that might be hard to do.

  53. D D

    D D11 days ago

    She lived 101 years

  54. Terd Ferguson

    Terd Ferguson11 days ago

    Because most women chose the easy way. Like Gender Studies instead of stem cell research, lol.

  55. xXevilsmilesXx

    xXevilsmilesXx11 days ago

    had me up till the end. Virtue signaling is the antithesis of everything the video supported. You just under-cut this amazing story with gender politics.

  56. Anthony Flores

    Anthony Flores11 days ago

    Starkweather, homicide, children of thalidomide bew...bee...dow..dow

  57. Chris F

    Chris F11 days ago

    she showed character by doing what is right and saveing the babies from deth and defects over submitting to all the pressure those people put on her to aproove there drug

  58. fyukfy

    fyukfy11 days ago

    There are less women in STEM because women don't want to be in STEM

  59. KaidaCestro

    KaidaCestro11 days ago

    Damn 1930 was brutal to women

  60. M P

    M P12 days ago

    I wonder what domestically made alernatives she saw approved instead of thalidomide and what was the offer she couldnt refuse

  61. Ella Aston

    Ella Aston12 days ago

    What does STEM mean ?

  62. jonas andersson

    jonas andersson12 days ago

    what's STEM?

  63. jonas andersson

    jonas andersson10 days ago


  64. Devilmonkey

    Devilmonkey10 days ago

    Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics

  65. Joey Prette

    Joey Prette12 days ago

    This video was great... Until they spewed some left propaganda at the end. (Also, before you reply I'm not saying that only the left does this. I am merely stating my distaste for how TED uses its influence for political gain. And my opinion would be the same if a person or an organization did the same on the right) Anyways, good on her, and dang... I wanna live that long, she clearly did something right!

  66. Debra Timms

    Debra Timms12 days ago

    44bebea 1108debra ok 44bebea 1108debra pat 44bebea 1108debra ok 44bebea ok yes 3pm pat 44bebea jpsdebra

  67. Robby S

    Robby S12 days ago

    03:21-03:32 is a pretty blatant example of why we NEED government oversight.

  68. Devilmonkey

    Devilmonkey10 days ago

    Exactly. I'd rather have a government that I can control than a company that can fleece me.

  69. Tsubaki Turtle Cannon

    Tsubaki Turtle Cannon12 days ago



    AGRADONTÉ12 days ago

    This is cool because prevention is better than cure

  71. Alexander Schwartz

    Alexander Schwartz12 days ago

    This was beautiful till the agenda at the end rolled in, if you want a job in STEM go get it... stop blaming men

  72. wasabi

    wasabi12 days ago

    I got goosebumps

  73. zaimah Begum-Diamond

    zaimah Begum-Diamond12 days ago

    Go Frances. Wish I had your courage.

  74. ThomasKT

    ThomasKT12 days ago

    not all heroes wear capes, some wear lab coats instead

  75. Bob BS

    Bob BS12 days ago

    Cool animation

  76. AppleAmor

    AppleAmor12 days ago

    She probably lived to 101 because she didn't take all those drugs

  77. Frank The Dank Plank

    Frank The Dank Plank12 days ago

    It was actually 2 scientists

  78. M.C wolf Phoenix

    M.C wolf Phoenix12 days ago

    I just finished watching so many vine videos, so everything is so funny to me right now!!


    BOBS YEAH12 days ago

    101 years LOL

  80. Newbytooby

    Newbytooby12 days ago

    Why does the “moral of the story” have to be about how one women did it and it’s because she’s a women that it happened? Why can’t it be about how a strong willed individual stuck with their gut instinct and stood up for what she believed was right?

  81. Julia Rhoden

    Julia Rhoden12 days ago

    I really like this video and how they don't make it seem like an accident that she did something good like some other channels do when they talk about women.

  82. Prakash Aryal

    Prakash Aryal12 days ago

    President Trump has now signed a bill called as "Right to Try" Bill.That basically says that you have right to use certain drug even if it dont has FDA approval. So, Good luck with that. Republicans are pro-business, bad or good.

  83. Ao Li

    Ao Li12 days ago

    Sounds like you can choose not to so...

  84. R. Downgrade

    R. Downgrade12 days ago

    ((Starting off, yes, Andrea Tone did a good thing and this isn't a gripe on *HER* . Okay? Okay.)) Why were extra laws, by Congress no less, implemented when Ms. Tone here clearly demonstrated that she was enough? If anything, why was the FDA restructuring it's own rules to have without Congress meddle? I mean, did I not watch the same video everyone else did? Because she did here job right, Congress made more laws that her doing her job right already covered. Does no one else see how willfully and foolishly redundant that is?

  85. Lammy Lams

    Lammy Lams12 days ago

    My issue with this video is I do not feel it paints a big enough picture of the damage thalidomide did in other countries, including mine, Australia. Yes, the title includes the phrase "a national crisis", and one can assume that it'll be about the US, based on the narrator's accent alone (if not the US's domination of all media), however, there are still people alive today who have suffered terribly because Australia didn't have a Frances Kelsey, as, obviously no other country did. I feel it's slightly insulting to dedicate 6-7 seconds on those people, their families, and the lawyers who have fought for their compensation. As well as, ultimately, not giving Frances Kelsey enough credit for avoiding all the heartbreak, disharmony, and legal sagas that other countries have faced.

  86. Schiff Granger

    Schiff Granger12 days ago

    _Thank God FDA backed this. Good job Kelsey!_

  87. frawding

    frawding13 days ago

    Nice video. Simply answer to the Women in STEM question: it's simply because women don't want to.

  88. migaca

    migaca13 days ago

    tham medics they live forever (101)

  89. Arushi Aishwarya

    Arushi Aishwarya13 days ago

    I'm so glad the FDA backed her up :)

  90. LittleArmyNut

    LittleArmyNut13 days ago

    Lol she was right the whole time and people thought she was wrong and then karma struck with birth defects

  91. Blake Pfitzner

    Blake Pfitzner13 days ago

    +LittleArmyNut well only her fellow scientists knew about her no one believed her because no one knew there was that possibility of birth defects

  92. LittleArmyNut

    LittleArmyNut13 days ago

    Blake Pfitzner Karma towards the other people that didnt believe her not the scientists

  93. Blake Pfitzner

    Blake Pfitzner13 days ago

    I'm sorry but how is a mother with a child with birth defects karma towards the medical scientists (or whatever they were I don't remember what they said)

  94. Vuph 2

    Vuph 213 days ago

    Press F to pay respect

  95. Enrico Tessadro

    Enrico Tessadro13 days ago

    Of course this is a 5 minutes video and many details on her story can't be told in such a short time frame, but surely she is an inspiring examples. I personally believe that work ethics and scientific facts importance are highly underestimated nowadays.

  96. Iftekhar Ahmed

    Iftekhar Ahmed13 days ago

    wow hats off !

  97. Khianne Geriane

    Khianne Geriane13 days ago

    I couldn't agree more about the gender issue for women in STEM professions. I find it difficult to find a job overseas though I am qualified for it. My application is always disapproved as they we're requesting men for that certain job. I am an architect btw.

  98. omgidkwh atimdoing

    omgidkwh atimdoing13 days ago

    that last thing about women n stem is an easy thing to answer. Stem is hard, women in a more general sense don't want to do hard things. At least that's where all the signs point.

  99. Toriqul Islam Shimanto

    Toriqul Islam Shimanto13 days ago

    Respect 👏👏👏👏

  100. Libby O'Dwyer

    Libby O'Dwyer13 days ago

    no wonder she lived to be over 100

  101. Matthew Ferrara

    Matthew Ferrara13 days ago

    Does nursing count as stem?

  102. Trevor Manning

    Trevor Manning13 days ago

    Someone Please sub to this channel

  103. Trevor Manning

    Trevor Manning13 days ago

    Please sub to this channel

  104. Trevor Manning

    Trevor Manning13 days ago

    Please sub to this channel

  105. Spuds Potato

    Spuds Potato13 days ago

    I want to like it for Frances Kelsey, but they had to make it political. 🙄

  106. Hegeleze

    Hegeleze13 days ago

    Instead of focusing on HOW her reasoning was done or WHAT the problem was, you created a puff piece which tries to commend the fact that the person happens to be female. The focus should always be the science and the reasoning, never the gender of the person doing the reasoning. Trite propaganda per usual.

  107. Hai Dinh

    Hai Dinh13 days ago

    She’s brilliant. But the title gives her too much credit! How about the FDA’s leaders who back her decision? The researchers or reporters who later pointed out that drug is bad. It’s not one-person job. A click-bait indeed.

  108. Peyton Woeller

    Peyton Woeller13 days ago

    Hi TED-Ed! This really inspired me and my girlfriend. Were both in sixth grade going to seventh and we were both asked to be apart of a college STEM program. We had to take Manu tests and we can have our associates degree before we graduate highschool and I was even offered a scholorship for the program. This imspired us because it shows that if we work had we can make a difference. You guys impact so many lives for the better and I want to thank you.

  109. Brenna Seah

    Brenna Seah13 days ago

    Thalidomide is still used but under Orphan Drug. If I remember correctly from class, it is used to treat cancer now.

  110. Blind Bob

    Blind Bob13 days ago

    I actually went to School with A few thalidomide kids, the deformities were just horrific. My mother took it for morning sickness The sibling before me aborted, I might have had another sibling. but I do know my parents are hiding something.. but don't know what......

  111. nightingale mori

    nightingale mori13 days ago

    For the question at the end. It's because not a lot of women prefer to work in stem fields comparing all women who work and get paid to those in stem fields is unjust and pushing women into a job they may not want but feel obligated to.

  112. Sai Gungurthi

    Sai Gungurthi13 days ago

    Women are underrepresented in STEM because there are more men who find STEM appealing than women.

  113. bush did creation club

    bush did creation club13 days ago

    Godamn it you can't force women into stem

  114. andrew angel

    andrew angel13 days ago

    Cute. I love ted ed