How one scientist averted a national health crisis - Andrea Tone


  1. TED-Ed

    TED-Ed8 months ago

    If you're a student with a passion for science, share your ideas, discoveries and hopes with the world through TED's student idea platform: If your passions lie elsewhere, we want to hear from you, too! TED-Ed is creating a space to celebrate and amplify student ideas on a wide range of topics - from human rights to staying organized in school - and we want you to be a part of it! Check it out!

  2. MadGirl BitchingBoutStuffs

    MadGirl BitchingBoutStuffs18 days ago

    You forgot: "except of course, if you are a guy. Then we don't want you."

  3. OOOF exe

    OOOF exe27 days ago

    Nope they dont care weather you have a passion or not only if you do what they say and make me money

  4. Alex Erhan

    Alex Erhan2 months ago

    Ted Ed = prickly Philadelphia

  5. Arnav Kelkar

    Arnav Kelkar5 months ago

    TED-Ed (

  6. riptiderobin15

    riptiderobin15Day ago

    I think it should be a woman's right to choose which field of study she would like to go into. And if she doesn't want to go into a stem related field then that's on her. It's not the worlds fault that wemon are underrepresented in that field. This SJW stuff really kills any good message.

  7. Jorge W

    Jorge W5 days ago

    Nossa, fui rever esse vídeo depois de mais de um ano e percebi que por engano eu tinha dado deslike, ainda bem q eu voltei pra corrigir

  8. Ishika -

    Ishika -8 days ago

    She's an inspiration ❤

  9. That Random Scottish Laddie

    That Random Scottish Laddie9 days ago

    And she's today's unsung badass of history

  10. BosniaBROGaming

    BosniaBROGaming11 days ago

    Good i agree

  11. what am I doing ?

    what am I doing ?15 days ago

    Still waiting for ted

  12. Charlie Reeder

    Charlie Reeder18 days ago

    amazing story! had to turn it off when it got near the end about women earning less pay tho...

  13. Michael Fixedsys

    Michael Fixedsys18 days ago

    Mrs.Kelsey wasn't just a badass she was a badass who did her job, and did it well!

  14. David Perrier

    David Perrier18 days ago

    If this happened today, Republicans would be trying to get Thalidomide approved because big government was unfairly rejected a drug that is obviously healthy.

  15. Ankur Mukherjee

    Ankur Mukherjee19 days ago

    Some always complain about less representation of women in stem field but do not talk their representation in the jobs of firefighters,police etc.They also do not say anything about more representation of women in the jobs like teaching , medical field ,law etc. Is not all job should be respected equally ?

  16. Opticendymion 96

    Opticendymion 9620 days ago

    i don't think i was paying enough attention

  17. red x17

    red x1721 day ago

    women on average dont like stem fields. get that through your thick head

  18. Googal Nano Tanr

    Googal Nano Tanr21 day ago

    Anti vaxxers will use this as evidence

  19. Georgia Peeches

    Georgia Peeches24 days ago

    4:37 no she was almost ruined due to monopolies. She would have never gotten an award and gotten FDA backing if it was sexist.

  20. Flippish Pinoy

    Flippish Pinoy24 days ago

    not for long weed is already legal

  21. Kyle Ackerson

    Kyle Ackerson25 days ago

    Beautiful story

  22. sweiland75

    sweiland7525 days ago

    How one scientist averted a -national- American health crisis

  23. sarupi

    sarupi25 days ago

    Imagine all the people that could have die if she doesn't hide his female name in the application

  24. BSD Fan

    BSD Fan26 days ago

    I already know what this videos about... Blah blah blah... someone cleans up hospitals... blah blah blah... she prevents patients and doctors from getting sick because of how grimy the hospitals were... blah blah BLAH..!

  25. BSD Fan

    BSD Fan26 days ago

    Oh... Damn...

  26. Nightmare Dragon

    Nightmare Dragon27 days ago

    She was so important, but not many know what she did these days.

  27. The Generalist

    The Generalist27 days ago

    Well done.

  28. casey/emil c:

    casey/emil c:Month ago

    hah my profile picture

  29. Robert A

    Robert AMonth ago

    How has no one pointed out that she was 101 years old when she died?

  30. KaiserAfini

    KaiserAfiniMonth ago

    A great professional does not let anything stop them from delivering methodical assessments and putting the welfare of the public first. Dr Kelsey is an inspiration to all fields, not just pharmacology.

  31. Black Hatred

    Black HatredMonth ago

    Bro, she was 101

  32. Crista D.

    Crista D.Month ago

    Amazing how many microd*cks got triggered by the ending of the video. The comment section is hilarious.

  33. Crista D.

    Crista D.21 day ago

    +Dr Vertigo thanks cap

  34. Dr Vertigo

    Dr Vertigo21 day ago

    you know you dont have to censor your self

  35. Matriks

    MatriksMonth ago

    And that man, was Eren jaegers dad

  36. Imperator Augustus

    Imperator AugustusMonth ago

    Women disproportionately represented in STEM fields? What could this mean? Gender bias, of course; just like in the 1930's! The video was great until this part. I don't think I've ever hit my face harder than in the end there.

  37. Saiki Chan

    Saiki ChanMonth ago

    Wow 101 years old

  38. Bobby C

    Bobby CMonth ago

    This is egalitarianism done right. If you want women to receive the same recognition as men, then don't qualify their achievements with epithets describing their gender.

  39. Jock McBile

    Jock McBileMonth ago

    A great story. It is sad, we haven't moved on much, but we are heading in the right direction. Thank you to Dr. Kelsey

  40. Dyzinel

    DyzinelMonth ago

    She really was amazing and badass huh.

  41. sapplejax

    sapplejaxMonth ago

    What a legend of a human. Amazing.

  42. SilverS Gaming

    SilverS GamingMonth ago

    She spent her live saving many of those in her time and many more in the future. Truly a hero.

  43. Hecatia Lapislazuli

    Hecatia LapislazuliMonth ago

    There MReporter, I finally watched it. Now stop reccomending it.

  44. xXxMartin96xXx

    xXxMartin96xXxMonth ago

    "Yet women are underepresented in STEM fields. Why?" Maybe because not enough girls want to study STEM?

  45. zeldafreak701

    zeldafreak701Month ago

    Good God, just think if you parents were born around that time, they could've been subject to these horrible diseases! That being said, TED, please let's just focus on the accomplishments of this lady and not push this SJW nonsense. This is a different time and women most certainly are not subject to gender biases in the STEM field. They're just underrepresented because not enough of them want to a STEM career. If you're going to go that route, then let's talk about how males are underrepresented in fields such as education and nursing.

  46. AlchemistOfNirnroot

    AlchemistOfNirnrootMonth ago

    I remember this from GCSE bio...

  47. napstrike

    napstrikeMonth ago

    It is believed that only USA and Turkey managed to stay away from this dangerous drug. In the Turkish front, the Distinguished Prof. Dr. Süreyya Tahsin Aygün was working on stem cells and investigated the drug. He noticed that it would have adverse effects on pregnant women (since it was his field of work), and informed the ministry of health. The ministry of health banned the drug and saved the nation. However, Kelsey was declared a hero in the USA, while some idiots tried to declare Aygun as a charlatan in Turkey. Only when the Germans named an institute after him, the nation learned the truth about him.

  48. DinoWolf35

    DinoWolf35Month ago

    You had me until the end when you go on about STEM, there is actually a preference of taking girls over boys into STEM so the reason there aren't so many girls is because not that many girls are applying

  49. indeepj

    indeepjMonth ago

    Is She Still Alive?

  50. Isaac Mikola

    Isaac MikolaMonth ago

    It kind of reminds me of a famous picture of Madam Curie sitting with Einstein, Schrodinger, and a lot of other famous scientists in the Solvay Conference picture. She had a trench coat on.

  51. megannnjay

    megannnjayMonth ago

    What a freaking cool lady

  52. The Dark Musket

    The Dark MusketMonth ago

    You guys just had to make it political in the end, but still gave the video a like for the main content

  53. Tyler Mustard

    Tyler MustardMonth ago

    women are less represented in STEM because less women are in STEM

  54. Mysty Draco

    Mysty DracoMonth ago

    F-F-facts over opinions???

  55. Pinochet

    PinochetMonth ago

    Thanks TED-ED, very cool!

  56. nah fool

    nah foolMonth ago

    Badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass

  57. The Furriner794

    The Furriner794Month ago

    If we had her today, maybe Big Pharma wouldn't be as greedy and dangerous, and produce drugs that create Autism. We need another Francis Kelsey, quick.

  58. TrueUser025

    TrueUser025Month ago

    Women are underrepresented in STEM fields because less women choose to work there. You don't see men complaining about being underrepresented in schools or psychology etc because they also choose not to work there

  59. FlammieLL

    FlammieLLMonth ago

    I love finding rare gems like these. History is full of interesting people like these who changed the world, for the BETTER!

  60. Max Bowen

    Max BowenMonth ago

    Anyone else finally figure out what that lyric was in didn’t start the fire

  61. Road to 1000 hours of piano in 1 year

    Road to 1000 hours of piano in 1 yearMonth ago

    How one Teemo adverted a backdoor crisis by building full AP and placing shrooms all over his base. (Assuming, of course, that such base had at least one inhibitor down and no towers at all, not even nexus turrets).

  62. Conman

    ConmanMonth ago

    Its not that women are underrepresented in stem today, its that less women are interested in it

  63. StonedRazor mrSaltyWater

    StonedRazor mrSaltyWaterMonth ago

    Next up: a brief history of cheese. yurt

  64. Wyatt

    WyattMonth ago

    Good video, too bad you had to stuck in liberal propaganda in the very end. Disliked.

  65. jmsloss

    jmslossMonth ago

    God had her in the right place, at the right time, to do the right thing...

  66. Vincent Krull

    Vincent KrullMonth ago

    FDA: The Federal Dookie Association

  67. Jovan Lee

    Jovan LeeMonth ago

    While everyone thanked her. Can we thank all those in your FDA that supported her?

  68. Witherman1

    Witherman1Month ago

    I do wonder how many people born with disabilities could have lived normal lives if not for things we put in our water and food.

  69. Nerd

    NerdMonth ago

    I saw the title, I knew it was Thalidomide. Frances Oldham Kelsey was a legend. What she did left a mark in history. I am so proud of her. I will forever be grateful to Kelsey.

  70. DarkWorld25

    DarkWorld25Month ago

    Well uhh, I'm pretty sure that it was an Australian Scientist that banned it, correct me if I'm wrong tho

  71. A Random Rock

    A Random RockMonth ago

    Graduated at 15? I was a freshman at 14-15.

  72. Zzul Ma

    Zzul MaMonth ago

    So touching

  73. Annabel Morimoto

    Annabel MorimotoMonth ago

    Knew it was her just by the title! I learned about her in my Chemistry class. She's so cool!!

  74. Laura isanbaeva

    Laura isanbaevaMonth ago

    Women are underrated in STEM fields because women aren't interested in STEM. If you want to actually help, seek out young girls and encourage them. Christ.

  75. The Reprehensible

    The ReprehensibleMonth ago

    "Affirmative action" would like to know your location.

  76. josh rixon

    josh rixonMonth ago

    I wanna hear about more good stories like this. Thank you Ted-ed.

  77. J M

    J MMonth ago

    Sorry. Stopped caring when it turned into "blah blah blah feminism blah blah blah men doctors blah blah superiority blah."

  78. Marco Glaner

    Marco GlanerMonth ago

    Good stuff

  79. JAKphoenixify

    JAKphoenixifyMonth ago

    I love how people calmly ignore the fact that the FDA openly supported Kelsey despite corporate shilling.

  80. Ratyr

    RatyrMonth ago

    Nowadays, Thalidomide is used *extremely* sparingly. Thanks to Frances, Thalidomide was prevented from showing up on the US market before its effects were truly understood, and by the grace of God, the FDA supported her. As a result, we've had the time and reason to figure out what Thalidomide can cause and now, with very careful regulation (especially when it comes to pregnancy) it is used for a select few of diseases, like a certain cancer and leprosy complications. Thanks to all of these early pioneers in Thalidomide's history who rejected the drug or sought further testing, many people have been prevented from being born deformed or dead. Thalidomide's past use was a disaster, but it could have been much, much worse.

  81. Lexi Barrow

    Lexi BarrowMonth ago

    I actually learned about Thalidomide in Biology, and we learned about the damages it had on children throughout the UK.

  82. Spikey Plant

    Spikey PlantMonth ago

    Germans, eh? Guess old habits die hard. It's not that serious 🤷🏻‍♂️

  83. Darling Jewel

    Darling JewelMonth ago

    Thank you so much. I have aunts and uncles and my mom who were all born in the 50s and 60s. Without you they might not be here.

  84. Petitio Principii

    Petitio PrincipiiMonth ago

    This is another example of how those conspiracy theories of "hidden cures" kept secret by the big pharma are plain BS. More likely they'll be trying to push into the market things that don't work, don't quite work, or with too many adverse effects. That's the closest thing to a "conspiracy theory" that there is. TED has an interesting presentation on the subject, by Ben Goldacre: _"What doctors don't know about the drugs they prescribe"_ It's also mentioned in some regard or another in a the series "calling BS in the age of big data":

  85. Itsa Games

    Itsa GamesMonth ago

    well, thank you Frances!

  86. Grayson Goss

    Grayson GossMonth ago

    Love how five angry people only have two arms.

  87. K

    KMonth ago

    Thank you for the excellent video!

  88. Joseph Grey

    Joseph GreyMonth ago


  89. Gilda Hobbs

    Gilda HobbsMonth ago

    Growing up in Germany, I've heard the story of Thalidomide many times, but always as a depressing and haunting tragedy. Glad to hear so many people could be saved and this story could become the remarkably impressive inspiration we see here! Frances is a true hero.

  90. Shoto Todoroki

    Shoto TodorokiMonth ago

    She’s cool.

  91. Bakpfeife

    BakpfeifeMonth ago

    Good thing till the preachy end that just doesn't factor in psychology or any other measurement than the underrepresentation in stem fields.

  92. Communist Furry

    Communist FurryMonth ago

    Capitalism™ - Sacrificing morality for profit.

  93. Thomas Martinez

    Thomas MartinezMonth ago

    + Apocalypse averted

  94. BladeOfLight16

    BladeOfLight16Month ago

    Thank you, Mrs. Kelsey. As for why women are don't make up nearly 50% of STEM, maybe take a page out of Kelsey's handbook and look at the data:

  95. Scott-E

    Scott-EMonth ago

    FINE MReporter

  96. Justin K.

    Justin K.Month ago

    Mm hmm women was not accepted yet i think

  97. Cyphon

    CyphonMonth ago


  98. Jlfreedom

    JlfreedomMonth ago

    Wait even after thalidomide's side were discovered the company tried for 7 more months to get it approved!?!? Wow talk about terrible people

  99. Lord TouchMe

    Lord TouchMeMonth ago

    So she did her Job? I feel the people who think this is great are the ones who passed with George Bushes No child left behind ac. Also the adults who think their younger generation lacks confidence so they promote new like this instead of saying give a 110% and do better than your peers

  100. Crazilily

    CrazililyMonth ago

    Wait did i just watch a five minute advertisment

  101. Worshipper_of_Kek

    Worshipper_of_KekMonth ago

    I hered about this on Call the Midwife.

  102. Vence Ibul

    Vence IbulMonth ago

    Thank you Francis K.

  103. Raiden the cyborg

    Raiden the cyborgMonth ago

    The show ends at 4:38

  104. Hot Pinecone

    Hot PineconeMonth ago

    Kelsey:Ayy thanks for this drug I'll test it Kelsey:This is bad for you German Company:NO IS NOT (x7)

  105. hbarudi

    hbarudiMonth ago

    So they didn't have pregnancy category levels back in 1960? Something that is considered standard today. Thanks for that to help women decide on medications and for doctors to adjust prescriptions accordingly. Also good that the FDA accepted the decision and not relied on the corporations trying to sell more of the medication.

  106. TextBox green _plakat everything

    TextBox green _plakat everythingMonth ago

    Badass women around.

  107. zackadiax24

    zackadiax24Month ago